Persona (19)

Still alive ?
Who was the famous playwright poet ?
A murderous plot disguised as suicide ?
Her Disappearance
Poisoned ?
The mysteries of the Third Reich
The prince of darkness
The engineer of the future
The discovery of America
The assassination of John F Kennedy
The Sinner Denigrated by the Church
The Predictions of Michel de Nostredame
Who is Behind The Murders ?
Has She Risen ?
Eustache Dauger
The Eternal Saga
Ogre or Bluebeard ?
The Child Who Came From None
Premonitorial Signs Announced His Death ?
Has He Existed ?

Science (10)

The Disappearance
Are we alone ?
Who are our ancestors ?
Fiction or Reality ?
The Practitioner of Yoga
Are Black Holes Time Breaches?
Origins
Where is the Cemetery ?
Do Stars Dictate Our Destiny ?
500 KM of Geoglyphs

Ufology (3)

UFO crash in New Mexico
The Most Secret Military Zone In The World
Extraterrestrials Live Among Us

Parapsychology (6)

The Sixth Sense of People
The Gift of Foreseeing the Future
Emotional Forcefields
The Meaning of Dreams
A Premonition 14 Years in Advance

Mysterious Place (8)

The Moai of Rapa Nui
The Lost City
City of the Cosmos
A City Dug In The Rock
A Celestial And Sacred Place
Magical City
The Secret Fortune of the Abbé Saunière
Ayers Rock

Egypt (6)

What killed the young pharaoh ?
What Secret Hides the Legendary Monument ?
A Monument That Defies Time
What Has Become Of The Beautiful Queen Of Egypt ?
Assassinated By His Womens ?
The Books Written By The Gods

Cryptozoology (10)

Mythology and Symbolism
Is It Real ?
The Abominable Snowman
The Goat Sucker
Lycanthropy
The Deadly Song of the Fish Woman
The Legend of Sasquatch
Are They Simply Tales ?
Voodoo and Golems - Myth ?
Serial Killer of the Eighteenth Century ?

Strange Phenomenon (9)

Mysterious disappearances
The Ghost Ship
Spiritism and Ghosts
The Feeling of Already Seen
Ghosts and Haunted Houses
Exorcism of the Demons by a Shaman Priest
Mysterious Explosion in Siberia
The Route Without Gravity ?
Apparitions Or Hallucinations ?

Bible and Religion (11)

Who Wrote It ?
A Matter of Faith ?
Guardians of the Secret
Fallen Angels
The Marks of the Christ
Universal Deluge
The Dead Sea Scrolls
And The Star of Bethlehem
Where Is It ?
The Sources Of The Arcanes

Magic (4)

Grimoire and Rituals
The Book Of Laws Of The Dead
Mediator Between the Spiritual and Material World
Origin of Misfortunes

Monument (5)

Monoliths
Did They Really Exist ?
What Did It Look Like ?
Has It Existed ?
The Fury of Building

Legend and Myth (7)

The Lost Continent
A Site of Legend
Just a Myth ?
The Lost City
The Fabulous Land Of Gold
And The Legend of Sherwood
The Modern Prometheus

History (4)

The Book That Lit The Pyres
Historic Reality ?
The Greatest Political Scandal of the United States
The Lost Colony

Relic (2)

An Endless Quest

People and Civilization (5)

The Oldest Civilization of Meso America
The Decline of the Mayan Civilization
The People of Amma
The Celtic's Spiritual Elite
A Kingdom Without Men

Conspiracy Theory (1)

The Conspiracy Theory
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Trojan War

A Fictitious Epic ?

Trojan War

In Greek mythology, the Trojan War figures in the Epic Cycle, of which only the Iliad and the Odyssey remains today. These very ancient legendary texts attributed to poet Homer tells the story of a conflict that allegedly took place 1200 BC and that who would have opposed Greek people to the Trojans. Nicknamed the Trojan War, the veracity of the stories mentioned by Homer in the Iliad and the Odyssey are now widely disputed by historians and archaeologists.

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A beautiful love story

Priam and Helen of Troy

The story of the Trojan War begins with a beautiful romantic anecdote worthy of the most sensitive souls of Ancient Greece. Paris, son of King Priam, Emperor of Troy, falls madly in love with the wife of Lord Sparta Menelaus, the beautiful Helen. Paris thus kidnaps Helen and triggers a war with Menelaus and his brother Agamemnon who gathers a real army to assail the city of Troy. For many years, the Greek coalition, accompanied by heroes Achilles and Odysseus as well as many other epic characters (Nestor, Diomedes, Ajax), try to penetrate the fortress of Troy resisting the invasion.

Siege of Troy

The Trojan horse

It is then that Odysseus, cunning like a fox, imagines an ingenious subterfuge: Greeks will raise siege while a gigantic wooden horse filled with soldiers, the Trojan horse, will unexpectedly penetrate the battlements of the city. At dusk, soldiers will come out of their hiding place and discreetly open the gates of Troy which, having failed to foresee it, will be unable to fight back as the city easily falls into the hands of the coalition.

The ploy works and the Trojans, who offer no resistance, are brutally decimated while the Greeks loot, ransack and burn all buildings in the city. Agamemnon seizes Cassandra, who has taken refuge at the altar of Athena, while old King Priam is beheaded and Hector's son, Astyanax, is thrown from the top of the walls. Once the Trojan War is over and silence falls down again, the city of Troy is nothing more than a pile of ruins and ashes.

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Herodotus

The Epic Cycle, a work of fiction ?

According to Herodotus, the first true historian of the planet and author of Inquiry (The Histories), the Trojan War would be one of the very first military war between the Persian empire and the Greeks. The story of the Iliad and the Odyssey would be a fictitious poetic chronicle in which Trojans portray the real adversaries of Ancient Greece, the Medes and the Persians.

Thucydides, a great Athenian historian and politician, author of History of the Peloponnesian War, believed that the Trojan War and Homer's narratives were above all symbolic and had a political connotation; the attempt of a Greeks gathering with the intention of a great Hellenistic conquest.

Hisarlik - Archeological Site of Troy

Be that as it may, the Trojan War is nowadays considered a pure Mycenaean fable. Heinrich Schliemann, a German archeology enthusiast and Greek mythology lover, tried to uncover the ruins of Homer's Troy and managed to discover the site of Hisarlik in Turkey. Hisarlik's hill and its remains, very modest for having been the site of a Greek siege, have been associated with Troy since the 19th century, but dates do not match Homer's text.

A new interpretation

In the 1950s, scientists managed to decipher ancient tablets recovered at Knossos and in the Peloponnese peninsula and noted that scriptures were made in the same language. Such Hellenistic extension admits the hypothesis of the existence of a king whose power could've allowed the elaboration of a coalition like that described in the Trojan War.

Moses Finley, who has paid much attention to the veracity of the history of the Trojan War, mentions in The World of Odysseus that Homer's inspiration does not stems from Mycenaean Greece, nor from Archaic Greece but indeed from Greek Dark Ages.

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