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Still alive ?
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Her Disappearance
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Conquering Cancuen
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What killed the young pharaoh ?
What Secret Hides the Legendary Monument ?
A Monument That Defies Time
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The Books Written By The Gods
And the Mysterious Book of the Dead
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Mysterious disappearances
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The Book That Lit The Pyres
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The Lost Colony
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An Endless Quest
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The Oldest Civilization of Meso America
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The People of Amma
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The Conspiracy Theory

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Has She Risen ?
Eustache Dauger
Ogre or Bluebeard ?
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Tikal Guatemala

Conquering Cancuen

Tikal

The lands of the Mayans stretch from the coast of Yucatan to those of Guatemala, from Tabasco to Honduras: a very large area in which one of the most fascinating and developed civilizations of pre-Columbian America has emerged. Tikal, the oldest Mayan city and, in some aspects, the most enigmatic, is located about halfway between the Yucatan and the Pacific Ocean, in the heart of the region where this large population reached a very high degree of civilization.

Before the Maya, in the region where the site of Tikal is still today, a population had settled who lived in small huts, used terracotta, built stone utensils and also worked obsidian. After several centuries of practically static life, in the 2nd century AD, for some mysterious reason, this region began to transform into a religious center with large ceremonial pyramids. This change, certainly linked to the affirmation of the Mayan culture, made Tikal a center of worship which had nothing to envy to other more famous localities like Palenque, Piedras Negra, Yaxchilan, Uaxactun or Yaxha.

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Tikal the dead city

Tikal ruins

The highest of the Tikal pyramids, which reaches 75 meters, was crowned with a whole series of similar constructions but of smaller dimensions: on the whole, the complex was presented as a grand structure - according to archaeologists, it is the largest city in Mayan culture - founded on a complicated architectural and urbanist model. The most remarkable part consisted of the North Acropolis and the Great Plaza, designed before the year 250 of our era, as well as the temple dedicated to the god Jaguar. On the Great Plaza was the Lost World Pyramid, a radial construction of archaic origin characterized by ancient and gigantic masks.

In the acropolies were buried the kings of Tikal. Thanks to the in-depth and detailed analysis of the numerous archaeological discoveries, researchers have found the names of some of the sovereigns of Tikal: among the most representative, we can mention Jaguar Paw, Lady of Tikal and Stormy Sky. Some of them belonged to dynasties which ruled for long years, bringing a notable prosperity to this mysterious city which, at the beginning of the 9th century, slowly began to decline. As if it had come out of nowhere, transforming the cabins of ordinary citizens into a sacred city of extraordinary dimensions, Tikal ends up experiencing the most total desolation. Many of its constructions fell into disrepair and the image that presents itself today to observers is that of a dead city inhabited by ghosts.

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Land of snakes

In the rainforest, around Tikal, one of the largest Mayan palaces has been discovered, in perfect condition: its name is Cancuen, which means “land of snakes”. Archaeologists have discovered 170 rooms, distributed around courtyards, which make this complex a large and articulated structure which certainly fulfilled important functions. Just think that the whole is as big as the Acropolis of Tikal.

It is a structure devoid of any defensive element, located in a region of Guatemala where there are no other Mayan temples. The function of Cancuen therefore remains a mystery, hidden for a long time by the forest (which had created a clump so thick and impenetrable that the temple could not be cleared until after two weeks of hard work) and which, today, resurfaces with its mysterious puzzles not yet solved.

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